What Is Urinary Tract Infection?
An infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder or urethra.
Urinary tract infections are more common in women. They usually occur in the bladder or urethra, but more serious infections involve the kidney.
If you are a woman, your chance of getting a urinary tract infection is high. Some experts rank your lifetime risk of getting one as high as 1 in 2, with many women having repeat infections, sometimes for years. About 1 in 10 men will get a UTI in their lifetime.
Urinary tract infections does not always cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they may include:
:black_small_square:A strong, persistent urge to urinate
:black_small_square:A burning sensation when urinating
:black_small_square:Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
:black_small_square:Urine that appears cloudy
:black_small_square:Urine that appears red, bright pink or cola-colored — a sign of blood in the urine
:black_small_square:Pelvic pain, in women — especially in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone
UTIs may be overlooked or mistaken for other conditions in older adults.
Types of urinary tract infection
Each type of UTI may result in more-specific signs and symptoms, depending on which part of your urinary tract is infected.
:black_small_square:Kidneys (acute pyelonephritis)
• Upper back and side (flank) pain
• High fever
• Shaking and chills
• Pelvic pressure
• Lower abdomen discomfort
• Frequent, painful urination
• Blood in urine
• Burning with urination
Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder.
Although the urinary system is designed to keep out such microscopic invaders, these defenses sometimes fail. When that happens, bacteria may take hold and grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract.
The most common UTIs occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra.
Infection of the bladder (cystitis):
This type of UTI is usually caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
However, sometimes other bacteria are responsible.
Sexual intercourse may lead to cystitis, but you do not have to be sexually active to develop it.
All women are at risk of cystitis because of their anatomy — specifically, the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder.
Infection of the urethra (urethritis).
This type of UTI can occur when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra. Also, because the female urethra is close to the vagina, sexually transmitted infections, such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia and mycoplasma, can cause urethritis.
Urinary tract infections are common in women, and many women experience more than one infection during their lifetimes.
Risk factors specific to women for UTIs include:
A woman has a shorter urethra than a man does, which shortens the distance that bacteria must travel to reach the bladder.
Sexually active women tend to have more UTIs than do women who are n’ot sexually active. Having a new sexual partner also increases your risk.
:black_small_square:Certain types of birth control:
Women who use diaphragms for birth control may be at higher risk, as well as women who use spermicidal agents.
After menopause, a decline in circulating estrogen causes changes in the urinary tract that make you more vulnerable to infection.
Other risk factors for UTIs include:
:black_small_square:Urinary tract abnormalities:
Babies born with urinary tract abnormalities that don’t allow urine to leave the body normally or cause urine to back up in the urethra have an increased risk of UTIs.
:black_small_square:Blockages in the urinary tract:
Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate can trap urine in the bladder and increase the risk of UTIs.
:black_small_square:A suppressed immune system:
Diabetes and other diseases that impair the immune system — the body’s defense against germs — can increase the risk of UTIs.
People who can’t urinate on their own and use a tube (catheter) to urinate have an increased risk of UTIs. This may include people who are hospitalized, people with neurological problems that make it difficult to control their ability to urinate and people who are paralyzed.
:black_small_square:A recent urinary procedure:
Urinary surgery or an exam of your urinary tract that involves medical instruments can both increase your risk of developing a urinary tract infection.
When treated promptly and properly, lower urinary tract infections rarely lead to complications. But left untreated, a urinary tract infection can have serious consequences.
Complications of a UTI may include:
:black_small_square:Recurrent infections, especially in women who experience two or more UTIs in a six-month period or four or more within a year.
:black_small_square:Permanent kidney damage from an acute or chronic kidney infection (pyelonephritis) due to an untreated UTI.
:black_small_square:Increased risk in pregnant women of delivering low birth weight or premature infants.
:black_small_square:Urethral narrowing (stricture) in men from recurrent urethritis, previously seen with gonococcal urethritis.
:black_small_square:Sepsis, a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection, especially if the infection works its way up your urinary tract to your kidneys.
You can take these steps to reduce your risk of urinary tract infections:
:black_small_square:Drink plenty of liquids, especially water
Drinking water helps dilute your urine and ensures that you’ll urinate more frequently — allowing bacteria to be flushed from your urinary tract before an infection can begin.
:black_small_square:Drink cranberry juice.
Although studies are not conclusive that cranberry juice prevents UTIs, it is likely not harmful.
:black_small_square:Wipe from front to back.
Doing so after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria in the anal region from spreading to the vagina and urethra.
:black_small_square:Empty your bladder soon after intercourse.
Also, drink a full glass of water to help flush bacteria.
:black_small_square:Avoid potentially irritating feminine products.
Using deodorant sprays or other feminine products, such as douches and powders, in the genital area can irritate the urethra.
:black_small_square: Wear pants made from Cotton.
Heat from panta made from nylon or polyester aids the growth of bacteria responsible for UTI, hence the need to wear cotton based pants.
:black_small_square: Keep the vagina area dry:
If the vagina area is too moist, UTI can occur.
:black_small_square:Avoid sharing toilet with people, especially too many people.
Sharing convenience is the fastest way through which UTI spreads. Since you can hardly know who is inflected, limit your exposure.
:black_small_square:Change your birth control method
Diaphragms, or unlubricated or spermicide-treated condoms, can all contribute to bacterial growth.
Garlic as cure for urinary tract infection.
Do garlic ingestion and insertion for 14 days.
Garlic ingestion for infection treatment:
Take 3 cloves of garlic daily; chew it or crush it and mix with honey then ingest.
Garlic insertion for infection treatment:
In a clove of garlic into your vagina one a day; stick to either morning or evening.
Herbal remedies for cure of diabetes
– Bitter melon
– Aloe vera
– Bitter kola
– Coconut oil
– Black seed /oil
– Guava leaves
– Velvet beans
– Bush mango
– Okra; plantain
– Soybeans; tea leaves
AND MANY OTHERS
Consistent use of any of the above or combination of two or more will bring an end to diabetes.UGX65,000UGX65,000